Y=f(X) is a function which describes the relationship between the input variable, X and the output variable, Y.
Since Y is expressed as a function X, Y is therefore dependent on X. For this reason, Y is also known as the dependent variable while X is known as the independent variable.
In process improvement context, the following operational definitions would apply:
|Y||Response, effect, outcome or results of a process|
|X||Input(s), cause(s) or factor(s) required to run a process|
|f||Process which transforms the inputs (X) into desired outcome (Y)|
Table 1.0: Operational Definitions of Y=f(x)
There can be more than one X or factor which contribute to Y. In such circumstances, the Y=f(X) will be modified to the following equation below:
Where n is the number of factors involved.
For example, if Y is the Employee Competency Rating, then Xs would be factors which affect Y, such as Results of Competency Based Training (CBT), Number of Non-Conformances Recorded and Number of Excellence Award Nomination Received from Senior Management.
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